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How to lie with statistics: The relationship between Florida’s Stand Your Ground law and gun deaths.
At Junk Charts, Kaiser Fung drew my attention to a graph released by Reuters.  It is so deeply misleading that I loathe to expose your eyeballs to it.  So, I offer you the mishmash above.
The original figure is on the left.  It counts the number of gun deaths in Florida.  A line rises, bounces a little, reaches a 2nd highest peak labeled “2005, Florida enacted its ‘Stand Your Ground’ law,” and falls precipitously.
What do you see?
Most people see a huge fall-off in the number of gun deaths after Stand Your Ground was passed.  But that’s not what the graph shows.  A quick look at the vertical axis reveals that the gun deaths are counted from top (0) to bottom (800).  The highest peaks are the fewest gun deaths and the lowest ones are the most.  A rise in the line, in other words, reveals a reduction in gun deaths.  The graph on the right — flipped both horizontally and vertically — is more intuitive to most: a rising line reflects a rise in the number of gun deaths and a dropping a drop.
The proper conclusion, then, is that gun deaths skyrocketed after Stand Your Ground was enacted.
This example is a great reminder that we bring our own assumptions to our reading of any illustration of data.  The original graph may have broken convention, making the intuitive read of the image incorrect, but the data is, presumably, sound.  It’s our responsibility, then, to always do our due diligence in absorbing information.  The alternative is to be duped.
Lisa Wade is a professor of sociology at Occidental College and the author of Gender: Ideas, Interactions, Institutions, with Myra Marx Ferree. You can follow her on Twitter and Facebook.

socimages:

How to lie with statistics: The relationship between Florida’s Stand Your Ground law and gun deaths.

At Junk Charts, Kaiser Fung drew my attention to a graph released by Reuters.  It is so deeply misleading that I loathe to expose your eyeballs to it.  So, I offer you the mishmash above.

The original figure is on the left.  It counts the number of gun deaths in Florida.  A line rises, bounces a little, reaches a 2nd highest peak labeled “2005, Florida enacted its ‘Stand Your Ground’ law,” and falls precipitously.

What do you see?

Most people see a huge fall-off in the number of gun deaths after Stand Your Ground was passed.  But that’s not what the graph shows.  A quick look at the vertical axis reveals that the gun deaths are counted from top (0) to bottom (800).  The highest peaks are the fewest gun deaths and the lowest ones are the most.  A rise in the line, in other words, reveals a reduction in gun deaths.  The graph on the right — flipped both horizontally and vertically — is more intuitive to most: a rising line reflects a rise in the number of gun deaths and a dropping a drop.

The proper conclusion, then, is that gun deaths skyrocketed after Stand Your Ground was enacted.

This example is a great reminder that we bring our own assumptions to our reading of any illustration of data.  The original graph may have broken convention, making the intuitive read of the image incorrect, but the data is, presumably, sound.  It’s our responsibility, then, to always do our due diligence in absorbing information.  The alternative is to be duped.

Lisa Wade is a professor of sociology at Occidental College and the author of Gender: Ideas, Interactions, Institutions, with Myra Marx Ferree. You can follow her on Twitter and Facebook.

marialuisa-pr:

gynocraticgrrl:

Jessica Rey presents the history of the evolution of the swimsuit including the origins of its design, how it has changed overtime and the post-feminist association of the bikini symbolizing female empowerment. She refers to neuro-scientific studies revealing how male brains react to images of scantily clad women versus images of women deemed modest and what the implications of the results are for women in society.

(Note: As the OP, I disagree with Rey’s approach to putting the onus on women to alter ourselves rather than to alter the male perception of women – brain wiring has plenty to do with socialization and if we worked against the culture that fuels men’s objectification of women, women’s clothing choices would matter far less in terms of how men perceive us and determine how to interact with us).

Jessica Rey - The Evolution of the Swim Suit

bolding mine

not-safe-for-earth:

image

I proudly understood that reference


Unusual 19th C. cameo.

Unusual 19th C. cameo.

kaoruhasegawaartworks:

POST CARD
148mm x 148mm 0.3mm
Offset Printing
Kaoru Hasegawa
↓   ↓   ↓   ↓
☆。・:*:・゚STORE:*:・゚(^ 0 ^)♪☆
【お知らせ】
4 月 25 日(金)~27 日(日)、渋谷ヒカリエで開催される 「POSTCARD LABORATORY@渋谷ヒカリエ」にて 作品ポストカードの展示、販売をします。
■会期
 A 期:4 月 25 日(金)~27 日(日) B 期:4 月 30 日(水)~5 月 2 日(金) 
※入場無料 ■会場
 渋谷ヒカリエ 8 階 8/ COURT http://www.hikarie8.com/access/
期間中に渋谷に来られる予定がある方はちょっと覗いてみてください( ・ᴗ・ ) っ

kaoruhasegawaartworks:

POST CARD

148mm x 148mm 0.3mm

Offset Printing

Kaoru Hasegawa

↓   ↓   ↓   ↓

☆。・:*:・゚STORE:*:・゚(^ 0 ^)♪☆

【お知らせ】

4 月 25 日(金)~27 日(日)、渋谷ヒカリエで開催される 
「POSTCARD LABORATORY@渋谷ヒカリエ」にて 
作品ポストカードの展示、販売をします。

■会期
 
A 期:4 月 25 日(金)~27 日(日) 
B 期:4 月 30 日(水)~5 月 2 日(金) 

※入場無料 
■会場
 
渋谷ヒカリエ 8 階 8/ COURT http://www.hikarie8.com/access/

期間中に渋谷に来られる予定がある方はちょっと覗いてみてください( ・ᴗ・ ) っ